What is Gross National Happiness?
GNH is a holistic and sustainable approach to development which balances between material and non-material values with the conviction that humans want to search for happiness. The objective of GNH is to achieve a balanced development in all facets of life which is essential to our happiness. The goal of GNH is happiness. One of several means to achieve this goal is sustainable economic growth. GNH is a unique approach to national and global development.
The concept of Gross National Happiness consists of four pillars: Fair socio-economic development (better education and health), conservation and promotion of a vibrant culture, environmental protection and good governance.
The four pillars are further elaborated in nine domains: psychological well-being, living standard, health, culture, education, community vitality, good governance, balanced time use and ecological integration. In accordance with these nine domains, Bhutan has developed 38 sub-indexes, 72 indicators and 151 variables that are used to define and analyze the happiness of the Bhutanese people.
Video: Bhutans former Hon Prime Minister talks about GNH
Bhutan in Pursuit of Sustainable Development
Video: Bhutan In Pursuit of Sustainable Development. Video by Royal Government of Bhutan (2012).
Links to Bhutanese websites on GNH
The Centre for Bhutan Studies’ website on Gross National Happiness: www.grossnationalhappiness.com
The Centre for Bhutan Studies:
The Royal Government of Bhutan’s Gross National Happiness Commission: www.gnhc.gov.bt